Virginie Arantes (2020) Transforming or Complying? The Rise of Social Enterprises in Shanghai, Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, DOI: 10.1080/19420676.2020.1758195
Since the so-called ‘association revolution’, which had brought about an exponential development of NGOs in China, the rise of Social Enterprises (SE) seem to mark a new turn. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork and interviews, the following article aims to understand whether the growing hybridisation of civil society involved in the development of SEs represents a global trend or a reaction to the Central State new policies. Research findings show that the elasticity of a SE identity can help organisations adapt to shifts in the macro-level political discourse of authoritarian regimes.